# Visualizing SILCS FragMaps¶

Whether you used the SilcsBIO GUI or the 2c_fragmap command line utility to create SILCS FragMaps from your SILCS simulation trajectories, you will have a folder silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB>/maps that contains SILCS grid free energy (GFE) FragMaps for you system. SILCS FragMaps are defined using non-hydrogen atoms, and for certain solute types (imidazole, formamide) there are multiple FragMaps. FragMaps for water oxygen atoms (tipo) are created to identify water molecules that can be difficult to displace. Generic FragMaps for apolar (benzene+propane), H-bond donor (neutral H-bond donors), and H-bond acceptor (neutral H-bond acceptors) probe types are included to simplify visual analysis.

The easiest way to visualize FragMaps is with the SilcsBio GUI. SilcsBio also provides convenient FragMap visualization using MOE, PyMOL, and VMD.

## FragMaps in the SilcsBio GUI¶

If you have used the SilcsBio GUI to run your SILCS simulations, once the simulations are complete, you will click the “Generate FragMap” button to automatically create FragMaps from the SILCS simulations, download them onto your local computer, and load them, along with the input PDB file, for visualization. Alternatively, you can load SILCS FragMaps from the Home page of the SilcsBio GUI:

If you are loading SILCS FragMaps from the Home page, you will be asked to select your FragMap directory (see File and directory selection). This directory has a standard name, silcs_fragmaps_<protein PDB>, where <protein PDB> is the name of the input PDB file. This directory was created on the server where you ran the SILCS jobs either when you clicked the “Generate FragMap” button or when you ran the ${SILCSBIODIR}/silcs/2c_fragmap prot=<protein PDB> command. Note In addition to the FragMaps, the silcs_fragmaps_<protein PDB> directory contains the PDB file used to run the SILCS simulations. The SilcsBio GUI will automatically detect and load this PDB file. Additionally, if you have run Halogen SILCS, this directory will also contain the Halogen SILCS FragMaps, which will be automatically detected and loaded by the GUI. When adding an additional representation, the default is to apply it to all atoms. It is possible to apply it to only a select set of atoms by typing the atom selection in the blank box above the “cancel” and “confirm” buttons. The selection syntax is the same as for the NGL molecular structure viewer (see Atom selection in the SilcsBio GUI). It is also possible to load ligands for visualization. If the ligand file was the output of a SILCS-MC calculation, GFE values for the ligand atoms will be embedded within that file. These values can be visualized and their sum automatically computed by first loading the ligand file, and then using the “GFE” tab as detailed at the end of the section Running SILCS-MC ligand optimization from the SilcsBio GUI. ## FragMaps in MOE¶ To visualize your SILCS FragMaps with MOE, first create FragMaps in the MOE-readable CNS format. For this example, if your jobs ran on your server in the directory ~/silcsbio/projects/silcs.5tGP: cd ~/silcsbio/projects/silcs.5tGP$SILCSBIODIR/silcs/2c_fragmap prot=<protein PDB> cns=true

Note

This step is required ONLY for visualization with MOE. CNS format grid files are approximately 10x the size of the default-format grid files generated and used by your SilcsBio software. PyMol and VMD are capable of reading the default-format files, and, to save disk space, CNS format files are not generated unless specifically specified using the above command.

Running this command will create CNS format FragMap files in the silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB>/maps directory. It will also create the file silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB>/view_maps.svl. First, copy the entire silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB> directory from your server to a convenient location on the desktop or laptop machine where you will be doing the visualization. For example, on Linux or MacOS, you may use a command like

scp -rp silcsbio@silcsserver:~/silcsbio/projects/silcs.5tGP/silcs_fragmaps_3fly_fixed ~/Desktop

Then, use MOE to open the silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB>/view_maps.svl file by selecting File ‣ Open, which will bring up the “Open” window. In this window, browse to the silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB> directory, which, in this example, was downloaded from the server to the Desktop of the machine on which we are doing the visualization. Click the “CWD” button in the upper right corner to set this directory as the “Working Folder.” Then, select the view_maps.svl file and click the “Open” button:

MOE will process the view_maps.svl file to load your input PDB structure <protein PDB>.pdb used for the SILCS simulations, the CNS format FragMap files <protein PDB>.<fragmaptype>.map.cns, and the Exclusion Map <protein PDB>.excl.map.cns. The visualization of the FragMaps and Exclusion Map can be controlled in the “Surfaces and Maps” window, which is also automatically loaded by view_maps.svl.

## FragMaps in PyMol¶

First, copy the entire silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB> directory from your server to a convenient location on the desktop or laptop machine where you will be doing the visualization. For example, on Linux or MacOS, you may use a command like

scp -rp silcsbio@silcsserver:~/silcsbio/projects/silcs.5tGP/silcs_fragmaps_3fly_fixed ~/Desktop

If your operating system associates the .pml extension with PyMol, simply double click on the view_maps.pml file in the silcs_fragmaps_<protein PDB> folder. Otherwise, open PyMol, select File ‣ Open…, and open the view_maps.pml file. It is also possible to do this by typing commands into the PyMol console. For the silcs_fragmaps_3fly_fixed example here, the commands would be

cd /Users/silcsbio/Desktop/silcs_fragmaps_3fly_fixed

which sets the working directory, and

run view_maps.pml

which runs the view_maps.pml file in that directory.

Whichever of these three methods you use to load view_maps.pml, PyMol wil load the PDB structure <protein PDB>.pdb used for the SILCS simulations, the FragMap files, and the Exclusion Map. The visualization of the FragMaps and Exclusion Map can be controlled in the “PyMol FragMap Tools” window, which is also automatically loaded by view_maps.pml.

## FragMaps in VMD¶

First, copy the entire silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB> directory from your server to a convenient location on the desktop or laptop machine where you will be doing the visualization. For example, on Linux or MacOS, you may use a command like

scp -rp silcsbio@silcsserver:~/silcsbio/projects/silcs.5tGP/silcs_fragmaps_3fly_fixed ~/Desktop

Open VMD, select File ‣ Load Visualization State…, and open the view_maps.vmd file located in the silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB> directory you downloaded. A new window will pop up that says, “Select the folder where silcs_fragmap folder is downloaded”. Click the “OK” button and select the silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB> you downloaded.

Tip

Be careful to select the silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB> folder and NOT the silcs_fragmap_<protein PDB>/maps folder.

VMD wil load the PDB structure <protein PDB>.pdb used for the SILCS simulations, the FragMap files, and the Exclusion Map. The visualization of the FragMaps and Exclusion Map can be controlled in the “VMD FragMap Tools” window, which is also automatically loaded by view_maps.vmd.